Last September I wrote an article The Death Of The Cigar Industry In Canada in response to Bill S-5, also called the “plain packaging” bill that was enacted in Canada.
The Federal Government of Canada has announced that plain packaging would begin to come into force on November 9, 2019. The wording is intentional as not all provisions of plain packaging will immediately be implemented.
Here are the highlights of the Tobacco Products Regulations.
- Retailers will be provided a transitional period of 90 days from date of force to sell tobacco products in inventory that don’t meet the Regulations
- Retailers will be provided a transitional period of 180 days from date of force to sell cigars in inventory that don’t meet the Regulations.
- Regulations will come into force for premium handmade cigars on the first anniversary of the act, which in this case would mean November 9, 2020
- Cigarette manufacturers will be given 2 years for “slide and shell” packaging with vertical openings
- Existing cigarette packaging style is still required to be plain packaging compliant by November 9, 2019
- The Canadian wholesale market for cigars is 2.9% of market value
- In 2015 the total federal excise duties imposed were $3.16 billion, $7.88 billion total Federal and Provincial.
- My province of Alberta took in $908 million last year alone
As expected, the Canadian implementation of plain packaging for cigars will closely match that of Australia. The color scheme on the plain cardboard box, and plain band will be matte finish, 10 point Lucida Sans Serif font, in Pantone Cool Gray 2 C color on Pantone 448 C drab brown background.
Importers and distributors will have 18 months from today to implement these changes. Although there is no clarification in the document as to whether the additional packaging costs will be exempt from multiplicative tobacco taxes, my expectation is that it will not.
The net result will be a significant increase to the cost of premium handmade cigars, along with the additional cost to retail tobacconists who are unable to clear their entire existing inventory out before May 9, 2021.
Despite existing evidence that premium handmade cigars are not marketed to youth, young adults, kids or anyone other than an adult, they are still lumped into cigarettes in the Rationale section.
Cigars are also included in health impacts and cancer risks despite significant evidence to the contrary:
- They acknowledge that plain packaging will lead to a 50% reduction in cigar SKUs
- Estimated cost of repackaging will be $3,300 – $15,000 per SKU with annualized costs of $473k – $2.1m
- Impact to manufacturers and retailers are not broken out by segment.
- Health Canada acknowledges that the Regulations will have an impact on tobacconists
It is stated that there is no evidence that tobacco plain packaging has or will impact the illicit tobacco market, using a study from Australia as a citation, along with statements from the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
Australia is an island continent located approximately 9,429 freedom miles (15,174.5 science kilometers) from the USA. Canada shares the longest border in the world, stretching 5,525 freedom miles (8,891 science kilometers) with 300,000 people crossing the border daily.
The Federal Governments comparison to plain packaging in Australia is woefully inadequate.
There already exists a significant number of hurdles both regulatory and market related for tobacconists in Canada. The product selection is artificially limited as all products need Federal pre-approval along with a designated importer.
The excise and provincial tobacco taxes are excessive, in many cases up to 350% of the US retail price.
As a result of these conditions, profit margins for Canadian tobacconists are significantly lower than their US counterparts. Measures like plain packaging puts a further undue burden on them when you compare expected costs and impact to the cigarette market.
Selection of product available will decline almost immediately as manufacturers won’t be able to justify the added plain packaging costs and labor associated with the small Canadian market.
Store owners will now scramble to liquidate their inventory which represents significant packaging and labor costs to make compliant.
Like Australia, these measures will result in tobacconists across Canada closing as they are unable to compete with under the table mail orders from across a border that sits 100 miles south.
Cigar Editorial: Now Scheduled – The Death Of The Cigar Industry In Canada